Human-computer interaction for development
The event was very successful and the attendees had a great time contemplating the interdisciplinary applicability of HCI technology.
Nearly 100 people attended a recent Gates Cambridge event in Mumbai on Human Computer Interaction [HCI] for development.
The event was held at the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay and was designed to connect Gates Cambridge alumni with the leading experts and interdisciplinary researchers on urban science, futuristic agriculture and energy technologies.
The seminar, which took place on 12th April, was organised by Gates Cambridge Scholar Ramit Debnath , who is based at the Behaviour and Building Performance Group at the University of Cambridge, and the Centre for Urban Science and Engineering (CUSE), Indian Institute of Technology in Mumbai.
It explored how HCI technologies can enhance the quality of life of people living in extreme poverty or in resource-constrained settings. It was an interdisciplinary event that engaged leading researchers from urban science and engineering, product design and manufacturing, precision agriculture technologies and smart-energy management solutions for buildings.
The event began with a keynote speech by Gates Cambridge Scholar Dr Pradipta Biswas  who described the role of HCI in analysing visual and auditory perception, rapid aiming movement and problem-solving strategies that can make user interfaces in modern electronic devices accessible and intuitive to elderly and disabled users.
The next keynote speaker was Dr Ronita Bardhan, who heads the Sustainable Design Group at Indian Institute of Technology Bombay. She demonstrated how HCI in urban planning can help in designing heat-stress resilient urban spaces in the overcrowded cities of the Global South. She said: "Mumbai has one of the highest numbers of homeless people in the world. They sleep on the street and during summertime, the daytime temperature can cause heatstroke, especially for the children and elderly. We studied the hazard level of land surface temperature across the city to derive solutions to prevent heatstroke among the people living on the streets. HCI technologies have helped us in developing sensors that can avoid heatstroke by reporting land surface temperature to the urban planners. We see a lot of potential in HCI for sustainable urban planning, especially for the people living in poverty."
Dr Arnab Jana at the CUSE, IIT Bombay talked about his research using three-dimensional noise mapping of urban landscapes. He said: "We all know what a city looks like, but we have never listened to a city. If we listen closely, we can find sustainable solutions embedded in the city itself."
His presentation was followed by a student-led research talk on the use of HCI in farming. Rahul Raj, a PhD candidate at IIT Bombay – Monash Research Academy, spoke about his experience of using flying drones to assess the quality of vegetation. He believes farmers have always looked up in the sky for rain and that now it is time to look down from the sky for a better yield of food crops. He says this can have a long-term impact on a country’s food security in times of ever-increasing demand.
The final talk was by Mahesh Parihar, who is an HCI technologist at the Smart Energy Informatics Lab, IIT Bombay. He demonstrated how the industry is embracing HCI in designing smart homes and energy efficient solutions. He ended the seminar series with a practical note on how the IT industry currently views HCI and its unchartered market in the Global South. He said: "The industry is hungry for a skilled-HCI workforce and this demand will only increase in the coming decade."
Ramit, who spoke about the Gates Cambridge Scholarship at the start of the event, said: "The event was very successful and the attendees had a great time contemplating the interdisciplinary applicability of HCI technology. Undergraduate students were psyched about the goals of the Gates Cambridge Scholarship and its commitment to preparing leaders for a sustainable and equitable future and alumni revived some of their profound memories of Cambridge at the networking lunch."